anatomy[ah-nato-me] the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.

Examples of specialty areas of anatomy and physiology. From Applegate, 2000.

clinical anatomy anatomy as applied to clinical practice.

comparative anatomy description and comparison of the form and structure of different animals.

gross anatomy (macroscopic anatomy) that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye.

morbid anatomy (pathologic anatomy) anatomy of diseased tissues.

special anatomy anatomy devoted to study of particular organs or parts.

topographic anatomy that devoted to determination of relative positions of various body parts.

x-ray anatomy study of organs and tissues based on their visualization by x-rays in both living and dead bodies.

1. The morphologic structure of an organism.

2. The science of the morphology or structure of organisms.

4. A work describing the form and structure of an organism and its various parts.

[G. anatom, dissection, from ana, apart, + tom, a cutting]

applied anatomy anatomy as applied to diagnosis and treatment.

clinical anatomy anatomy as applied to clinical practice.

comparative anatomy comparison of the structure of different animals and plants, one with another.

developmental anatomy the field of study concerned with the changes that cells, tissues, organs, and the body as a whole undergo from fertilization of a secondary oocyte to the resulting offspring; it includes both prenatal and postnatal development.

gross anatomy that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye.

homologic anatomy the study of the related parts of the body in different animals.

physiological anatomy the study of the organs with respect to their normal functions.

radiological anatomy the study of the anatomy of tissues based on their visualization on x-ray films.

special anatomy the study of particular organs or parts.

topographic anatomy the study of parts in their relation to surrounding parts.

1. The bodily structure of a plant or an animal or of any of its parts.

2. The science of the shape and structure of organisms and their parts.

3. A treatise on anatomic science.

4. Dissection of a plant or animal to study the structure, position, and interrelation of its various parts.

5. A skeleton.

6. The human body.

Etymology: Gk, ana + temnein, to cut

1 the study, classification, and description of structures and organs of the body.

1. The morphologic structure of an organism.

2. The science of the morphology or structure of organisms.

4. A work describing the form and structure of an organism and its various parts.

[G. anatom, dissection, from ana, apart, + tom, a cutting]

1. The structure of the body, or the study of the structure.

2. A textbook or treatise on anatomical science.

The science of the body structure of an organism and its parts.

n 1. the study of the structure and parts of the body. 2. in chiropractic, a component of the vertebral subluxation complex that refers to the specific structural implications present when subluxation has occurred.

Morphologic structure of an organism.

[G. anatom, dissection, from ana, apart, + tom, a cutting]

n the science of the form, structure, and parts of animal organisms.

n the science of the structure of the teeth and the relationship of their parts. The study involves macroscopic and microscopic components.

n the images on a radiographic film of the combined anatomic structures through which the roentgen rays (radiographs) have passed.

the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.

description and comparison of the form and structure of different animals.

the changes in form from fertilization to adulthood, including embryology, fetology and postnatal development.

that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye. Called also macroscopic anatomy.

see gross anatomy (above).

anatomy revealed by microscopy; includes histology and cytology.

anatomy of diseased tissues. Called also pathological anatomy.

see morbid anatomy (above).

anatomy revealed by the techniques of radiography and fluoroscopy.

anatomy devoted to study of particular organs or parts.

that devoted to determination of relative positions of various body parts; regional anatomy.

see radiological anatomy (above).

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Anatomy and physiology | definition of Anatomy and physiology …

10. Introduction to Neuroscience I

(April 21, 2010) Nathan Woodling and Anthony Chung-Ming Ng give a broad overview of the field of neuroscience and how it relates to human biology. They discuss the different lobes of the brain and the cells within as well as neuropharmacology and re-uptake.

Stanford University/www.stanford.edu

Stanford Department of Biology/biology.stanford.edu/

Stanford University Channel on YouTube/www.youtube.com/stanford

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10. Introduction to Neuroscience I

Neuroscience | Neuroscience | Kent State University

Neuroscience is dedicated to understanding how the brain and nervous system function in health, disease and repair. Neuroscience research at Kent State University is supported by over 50 faculty members from numerous departments and disciplines. Our researchers have a wide range of expertise including behavioral neuroscience, sensory neuroscience, developmental neuroscience and neurodegenerative diseases.

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Neuroscience | Neuroscience | Kent State University

(505) 889-6926

Hank and his brother John discuss heredity via the gross example of relative ear wax moistness.

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This video uses sounds from Freesound.org, a list of which can be found, along with the REFERENCES for this episode, in the Google document here: 5106027258

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Heredity: Crash Course Biology #9

Basic Embryology – Eccles Health Sciences Library

A human begins life as a fertilized ovum. This single cell gives rise to the millions of cells that form the human body. In the first few days following fertilization, the developing embryo consists of a ball of cells. This implants on the wall of the uterus and begins to grow further, supported by nutrients and blood from the mother.

As the developing embryo grows in the first few weeks, there is increasing complexity from differentiation of the cells into specialized tissues to form specific organs. This differentiation is directed by genetic factors inherited via the chromosomes from both mother and father. Most organs are formed between 5 and 8 weeks of life. After that, there is continued growth and development to the time of delivery of the baby, which typically occurs following 38 to 42 weeks of gestation in utero.

Embryology Simplified

The three major embryologic categories of cells, called the germ cell layers, are:

Ectoderm: forms the epithelium that covers the body, and gives rise to cells in the nervous system

Endoderm: forms the gastrointestinal tract and associated structures involved in digestion

Mesoderm: forms the connective tissues and “soft” tissues such as bone, muscle, and fat

After birth, some cells within the body continue to proliferate, while others do not and remain or are lost in the aging process. Aging results from the inability of cells to maintain themselves or replace themselves.

The following discussion will introduce you to the types of cells and tissues that constitute the human body. Examples of the major cell types, along with the organs they compose, will be demonstrated with histologic sections.

The genes that direct cellular proliferation and development in embryologic life are “turned off” or suppressed once appropriate growth has been achieved. However, when some of these genes are “turned on” inappropriately because of mutations or alterations (oncogenes), or when the genes that suppress growth (tumor suppressor genes) become faulty later in life, then the result can be neoplasia.

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The scientific study of an organism’s vital functions, including growth and development, the absorption and processing of nutrients, the synthesis and distribution of proteins and other organic molecules, and the functioning of different tissues, organs, and other anatomic structures. Physiology studies the normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes of animals and plants.

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Drs. Kaustuv Saha, Habibeh Khoshbouei & colleagues publish in May 3, 2018 Journal of Neuropharmacology

Colon-Perez LM, Pino JA, Saha K, Pompilus M, Kaplitz S, Choudhury N, Jagnarine DA, Geste JR, Levin BA, Wilks I, Setlow B, Bruijnzeel AW, Khoshbouei H, Torres GE, Febo M: []

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The field of neuroscience examines bidirectional relationships between the nervous system and behavior and includes perspectives from the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. As an inherently interdisciplinary field, neuroscience applies various methodologies to study the molecular, cellular, developmental, structural, functional, computational, and pathophysiological aspects of the nervous system, while bearing in mind that nervous systems are embodied and are situated in complex, dynamic environments.

The neuroscience curriculum at Bates is structured so that students can appreciate how multiple levels of analysis and multiple scholarly frameworks are needed to understand the complexities of human and non-human animal behavior. At the cellular and molecular level, students engage with invertebrate animal models and cell cultures to learn how individual neurons process and produce electrochemical signals to support inter-cellular communication. Using rodent models at a bodily systems level, students learn how neurons interact to form circuits through which animals take in sensory information and produce motoric and other output that is adaptive for the animal in its environment. At the cognitive level, students study human perception, thought, and emotion by looking at the structure and function of human brains in neurotypical and atypical states. Here, students consider the consequences of neuroanatomical and neurochemical changes for human behavior as well as the effects that environmental variables may have on brain structure and function. At the computational level, students synthesize top-down and bottom-up strategies in an effort to explain how the brain works, using multidisciplinary techniques to develop, simulate, and analyze multi-scale models of neural function. At a cultural level, students consider how parameters of the human brain are shaped by social norms and institutions and how the brain, in turn, influences the formation, acquisition, and preservation of culture.

The neuroscience program fosters an active, learning-by-doing approach, as students conduct meaningful and innovative research at several points in their academic career, beginning in laboratory sections as supplementation to classroom learning and culminating with rigorous, independent research during the senior capstone experience. Importantly, however, another key goal of the neuroscience curriculum at Bates is to deepen capacity for a critical examination of the historical, political, and ethical contexts in which neuroscience operates such that students probe what it means to be a responsible consumer and producer of neuroscientific knowledge. By interrogating how neuroscience is done, for whom, by whom, for what purpose, and with what consequences, students come to reflect upon their own habits of mind, value systems, and politics of participation.

While progressing through the neuroscience curriculum at Bates, students can expect to achieve the following learning goals:

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Neuroscience | Bates College

Neuroscience | Degrees & Programs | University of Nevada, Reno

Get Involved

A number of events and organizations bring together faculty and students in the Neurosciences at the University of Nevada, Reno. These include:

Neuroscience is concerned with the study of nervous system and exists at the intersection of multiple fields of study, including biology, computer science, engineering, medicine, psychology, physiology, and more. The field involves studying the structure, operation, development and malfunctions of the nervous system. Neuroscience is widely recognized as among the most significant frontiers in modern science.

Advances in neuroscience are widely recognized as crucial to addressing a wide range of health challenges including the growing epidemic of age-related neurological impairments. Neuroscience research is also fundamentally impacting basic sciences and is central to current computational and big-data initiatives. The importance of understanding basic neural mechanisms has been further embraced by a wide range of traditional academic disciplines leading to entirely new areas of study such as neuroeconomics and neuroesthetics.

Students and faculty at the University of Nevada, Reno have the unique opportunity to study within this specialized area of research with access to cutting-edge technology, such as a new functional MRI facility-a partnership between our Center for Integrative Neuroscience and the Renown Health medical center.

The interdisciplinary program in neuroscience is designed to provide graduate students with a strong background in both systems and physiological approaches to understanding the brain, and to prepare students for professions and advanced studies in a wide range of fields including behavioral and biological science and health sciences. The program is administered jointly through the Departments of Biology and Psychology and draws on courses offered through both departments for the curriculum.

Engage with our faculty and learn about their expertise.

Browse our research infrastructure and learn about our projects.

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For more than two decades, Shire has demonstrated leadership in neuroscience through helping more patients, progressing our pipeline, and expanding into additional conditions. Misunderstanding of conditions like Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Binge Eating Disorder (B.E.D.), and epilepsy is widespread, which can add to the unique challenges people living with these conditions are already facing. Building awareness and understanding can remove some of the additional obstacles these people may encounter.

Weve built relationships with patient advocacy groups and organizations globally, and regularly share our expertise with physicians, patients, caregivers, and policymakers to raise awareness and broaden understanding of these conditions worldwide. We are also committed to helping combat the misuse, abuse, and diversion of ADHD medicines.

Our neuroscience division currently champions for the patients, parents, caregivers, and physicians who are touched by:

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. It is a diverse condition that can have a significant impact on patients lives.5,6 ADHD is relatively common and often persists into adulthood.7,8,9,10 Only a trained healthcare professional can diagnose ADHD.

Once thought of as a childhood problem, ADHD persists into adulthood in 50-60% of people diagnosed as a child11,12,13,14 and affects around one in 30 (3.4%) adults worldwide.14

Binge Eating Disorder, or B.E.D., is a distinct medical condition recognized by the American Psychiatric Association.1 In the U.S., its more common than anorexia and bulimia combined,2,3* affecting an estimated 2.8 million adults.2,4 Although B.E.D. affects both men and women,2 research shows that twice as many women are affected.

Epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures that arent provoked by an immediate identifiable cause.

S38370 03/18

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